PHP 7.4 in 7 code blocks

PHP 7.4, the last edition in the 7.* series, brings lots of new and handy changes. This post lists the highlights, though there’s much more to this release. You can read all about the full release in this post about what’s new in PHP 7.4.


array_map( fn(User $user) => $user->id, $users
);

Arrow functions, a.k.a. short closures.


class A
{ public string $name; public ?Foo $foo;
}

Type properties. There’s quite a lot to tell about them.


$data['date'] ??= new DateTime();

The null coalescing assignment operator.


class ParentType {}
class ChildType extends ParentType {} class A
{ public function covariantReturnTypes(): ParentType { }
} class B extends A
{ public function covariantReturnTypes(): ChildType { }
}

Improved type variance. If you’re not sure what that’s about, you should take a look at this post about Liskov and type safety.


$result = [...$arrayA, ...$arrayB];

The array spread operator.


$formattedNumber = 107_925_284.88;

The numeric literal separator.


[preloading]
opcache.preload=/path/to/project/preload.php

Preloading improves PHP performance across requests.


There’s even more. If you want a full list, you can find it on this blog. What 7.4 feature do you like the most? Let me know on Twitter or via email.

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